Every individual deserves a beautiful smile. isn’t it? With recent advances in Cosmetic dentistry, now it’s possible to enhance the smile with dental veneers.
Dental veneers are made very thin, custom made, tooth coloured shell which covers the front surfaces of teeth, providing great aesthetics and mimic natural size, shape and texture that of natural teeth. They are chemically bonded on the surface of teeth.
When we need dental veneers?
- Teeth are discoloured, due to previous root canal treatment
- Teeth are filled with large composite resins
- Internal stains like fluorosis, tetracycline stains
- Teeth that are chipped off due to trauma
- Slight malocclusion
- Gaps in between teeth ( diastema )
- Worn out teeth
- Any other causes
Types of dental veneers
- Porcelain veneers
It is also called indirect veneers. Their wafer-thin veneers are made in the laboratory and then fixed on teeth. They are more resistant to stains compared to composite veneers
- Resin / composite veneers
It is also called Direct veneers. They are made from a composite resin and directly carved out on teeth and cured. They require high finishing and polishing and also more prone to stains in long run. The strength of composite resin is less compared to porcelain veneers.
Advantages of veneers
- It is a minimally invasive procedure. So natural tooth structure is preserved \
- Veneers are extremely biocompatible and hence more tolerable to gum tissue
- Porcelain veneers are resistant to stains
- They mimic the natural anatomy of teeth.
Dental veneers treatment is divided into three main stages
- Treatment planning
- Teeth preparation
On the first visit to the clinic, we usually access the actual case and decide the treatment plan, which teeth requires the veneers. We take impressions to study the case. pretreatment photos and shades have taken. The impressions are sent to the laboratory and wax-up is done on casts.
Teeth Preparation appointment
Before the patient’s visit, the Putty index is prepared from wax-up. On this visit, the patient was given a trial of the outcome of treatment. Once the patient gives go-ahead for treatment. Teeth are shaped in specific dimensions so that, they provide space for dental veneers. and impressions are made. The patient is given the temporaries on reduced teeth. Impressions are sent to the dental laboratory to fabricate veneers. It usually takes 8 -10 days to fabricate veneers. If required, the trial appointment is scheduled to check the fit of veneers, shape, size and shade of veneer.
The previous temporary is removed, Tooth surface is cleaned properly. Acid-etched with Etchant and dried completely. Etching provides micro porosities on the tooth surface and enhances the bonding. A special cement known as Dual-core cement is used to cement veneer on the tooth surface. Once the veneer is in its place, Blue coloured light is applied over it which cures cement and hardens it. Excess cement is removed and margins are polished. The patient is ready to go. The patient is advised for follow up visit after two weeks.
Dr. Rohit Joshi is a renowned Dentist in Pune and having more than 5 years of experience in the field of dentistry. He is Mastered in conservative dentistry and endodontics. He also specialises in single visit painless root canal treatment and aesthetic dentistry. He is always contributing his knowledge of dentistry through his blog. Learn More about Dr. Rohit Joshi.