Teeth Cavities In Children

Teeth Cavities In Children: Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

Nowadays, with changing oral dietary habits, children are more prone to decayed teeth.

In today’s Blog, we are going to discuss in detail the cavities in child’s teeth, their causes, treatment, and prevention.

Anatomy Of Teeth

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Teeth Anatomy/Teeth Cavity in Children

Before going ahead, let’s see how decay starts.

The tooth is made up of enamel which is the outermost protective layer, dentin is below the enamel, and the core of the tooth is made up of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue called the dental pulp.

Pediatric or milk teeth are very small and the thickness of enamel and dentin is less than 1 mm.

Tooth anatomy consists of cusps and fissures.

When any substance sticks onto the surface of enamel for a longer period, bacteria in the mouth start disintegrating the substance. The disintegration process has the byproduct of toxins. These toxins are acidic in nature and they directly affect the crystalline structure of enamel.

This slowly leads to cavities in teeth.

Teeth Cavity Causes in Children

1. Sweet Sugary Food

sweet food such is chocolate, ice cream, and other sweet foodstuffs contain more amount of sugar.

When we eat Sugar, it forms a layer of enamel. This layer is disintegrated by micro-organisms which leads to decay.

2. Milk And Milk Products

Milk contains many ingredients that are sticky in nature and adhere to tooth surfaces.

If not washed off completely, it may lead to prolonged exposure on the surface and decay starts

The typical case is usually seen with kids who drink milk before going to bed.

After drinking the milk, the thin layer gets accumulates on the surfaces of the front teeth and they remain as it is for a whole night.

This layer causes ” nursing bottle caries “. The nursing bottle caries usually affect front teeth and early exfoliation of front teeth. Which may affect permanent dentition in the future.

3. Bakery Products

Bakery products like bread, cookies, biscuits, and donuts are also not good for children’s teeth. They usually contain high sugar and refined wheat flour which sticks on the surfaces of teeth.

Bakery products are not only bad for teeth but also bad for the overall health of children.

It is advisable for parents to give minimum or no bakery products.

How Can We Prevent Cavities?

1. Hygiene Maintenance

    A. The proper brushing technique needs to be followed for the maintenance of the cleanliness of teeth.

    B. Rinsing thoroughly after every meal plays an important role.

    C. Professional cleaning may be required in a few cases with heavy deposits.

2. Change In  Dietary Habits

     A. Avoid sticky and sugary food

     B. increase consumption of fibrous food

3. Preventive Professional Care

     A. Flouride application: the crystal structure formed with fluoride ion is more resistant to acid attack and hence preventing decay.

     B. Pit and fissure sealants: the deep pits and fissures that act as the home for bacteria can be sealed prior to the formation of decay. This can protect teeth from decay that starts from biting the surface of the teeth.

It’s always better to protect teeth before they get decayed. To achieve this, the dentist advice the pit and fissure sealants

Teeth Cavity Treatment For Children Deccan Gymkhana, Pune

Early Detection is always helpful in the treatment of caries.

A small dot on teeth is usually an indication of cavities on teeth. These small dots/decay is treated with simple restoration.

The decay is removed with drills and the cavity is cleaned. Then restoration is done either with GIC or composite.

Sometimes, decay reaches the pulp and nerve, in such a scenario, a root canal is advised. And followed by crowns.

Visit Microdent Dentistry In Kothrud Pune For Teeth Cavity Treatment For Your Children.

At Microdent Dentistry, the team of highly experienced endodontists uses the latest and most advanced techniques to diagnose and treat dental cavities in children. The dental experts understand that children can be apprehensive about dental treatments and they strive to create a comfortable and welcoming environment to put them at ease.

The treatment options offered for children with dental cavities may include fillings, crowns, or in some cases, root canal treatment. The endodontists at Microdent Dentistry carefully assess each child’s unique dental needs and develop a personalized treatment plan that is best suited for their dental health.

Apart from providing effective treatment, the team at Microdent Dentistry also educates children and their parents about the importance of good oral hygiene habits to prevent future cavities. They aim to provide a comprehensive dental care experience for children that is both gentle and effective.

Overall, if your child needs teeth cavity treatment, you can trust the expertise of the team at Microdent Dentistry by Endodontists in Pune.


1. How Can I Tell If My Child Has A Cavity?

Common signs of a cavity in children include tooth pain, sensitivity to hot or cold foods/drinks, visible holes or pits in the teeth, and brown or black spots on the teeth.

2. How Can I Prevent Cavities In My Child’s Teeth?

Preventing cavities in children’s teeth involves encouraging good oral hygiene habits such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using fluoride toothpaste. It is also important to limit sugary foods and drinks and encourage a healthy diet.

3. How Are Cavities Treated In Children?

Treatment for cavities in children may involve fillings, crowns, or in some cases, root canal treatment. The specific treatment recommended will depend on the severity of the cavity and the child’s individual needs.

4. How Often Should Children Have Dental Check-Ups?

Children should have regular dental check-ups at least twice a year. This allows the dentist to monitor their oral health and detect any issues early on.

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